1.   What are the standard products of remote sensing images provided by MRSA?
    Remote sensing satellite images provided by Malaysian Remote Sensing Agency (MRSA) to users are mainly acquired through Ground Receiving Station located in Temerloh, Pahang. Satellite images acquired by the station are from Radarsat-1, SPOT 1,2,4 & 5, NOAA, Terra and Aqua (MODIS), IRS-P4 (OCM). Higher resolution satellite images of QuickBird, IKONOS and Pleiades are acquired through foreign ground stations. These images are processed and value-added at MRSA Headquarters in Kuala Lumpur to meet user specifications.
     
   

Remote sensing satellite images provided by MRSA are in the form of:

    Digital Products: CD-Rom/DVD
    Permanent Print Products: High Gloss Paper, Design Jet Products
     
    Types of products available:
     (i)   Standard Digital Product
         (a)  System Corrected
         (b)  Map Corrected
       (c)  Pansharp
    (ii)   Value-added Digital Product
    (iii)   Ink Jet Print Product
    (iv)

  Photographic Print Product

       
  clickherebutton For detailed characteristics and price for each product, OR
  clickherebutton To download Remote Sensing Data Services brochure.

 

 2.  What is meant by scenes, quadrant and subscene?  
  Scenes are near-square images covering an area that varies in size depending on the satellite and sensor that’s collecting the information.   
  Quadrant is 1/4 of the full scene, while subscene is any area with the coverage of < quadrant.  

 

MRSA Standard Digital Products and Pricing is as shown in the table below:

SATELLITE TYPE  PROCESSING LEVEL COVERAGE SPATIAL RESOLUTION (METER) PRICE (RM) PRICING APPROVAL LETTER
GOVERNMENT PRIVATE

Landsat 5 TM

Landsat 7 ETM+

System Corrected/Map Corrected

Full Scene

(185km x 185km)

15m & 30m 1,900.00 2,450.00 Surat Kelulusan Perbendaharaan Bilangan (26.00)248/13/1-1(JD.2)/110
SPOT 1,2,3,4 &5  

 

  

System Corrected/Map Corrected

Full Scene

(60km x 60km)

 20m, 10m & 5m

2.5m

1,300.00

2,600.00

1,650.00

3,300.00

 Surat Kelulusan Perbendaharaan Bilangan (26.00)248/13/1-1(JD.2)/110
 

Map Corrected

Pansharp PNC

Full Scene

(60km x 60km)

10m

5m

2.5m

2,920.00

3,000.00

4,350.00

3,620.00

3,700.00

5,400.00 

Quarter Scene

(30km x 30km)

10m

5m

2.5m

 730.00

810.00

1,010.00

870.00

950.00

1,200.00

Map Corrected

Pansharp All Bands

 

Full Scene

(60km x 60km)

10m

5m

2.5m

2,880.00

2,920.00

4,250.00 

3,580.00

3,620.00

5,300.00 

Quarter Scene

(30km x 30km)

10m

5m

2.5m

690.00

730.00

910.00

830.00

870.00

1,100.00 

Radarsat-1

System Corrected/

Map Corrected

  Full Scene:

Fine Mode (50kmx50km) 

 

9m

 

3,300.00 

 

5,000.00

Surat Kelulusan Perbendaharaan Bilangan KK/BP (26.00)248/13-1-1Jld.2(42)
Extended High Mode (75km x 75km) 25m   2,500.00  3,800.00  
Standard Mode (100km x 100km) 25m   2,500.00   3,800.00 
Wide Mode (150km x 150km) 25m  2,900.00   4,400.00
ScanSAR Narrow Mode (300km x 300km) 50m   2,500.00   3,800.00 
ScanSAR Wide Mode (300km x 300km) 100m   2,500.00 3,800.00 
IKONOS

System Corrected

Pansharp

Per square km 1m 83.00  - Surat Kelulusan Perbendaharaan Bilangan KK/BP(26.00)248/14-2 Jld.2(73)
QUICKBIRD   

System Corrected

Pansharp

Per square km  0.7m  74.00   - Surat Kelulusan Perbendaharaan Bilangan KK/BP22/441293(5)

3. What is meant by processing level and how many processing levels are available?
  System corrected : Image is geometrically corrected using Satellite Orbital Parameters (Image Header Information)
  Map Corrected : Image is also geometrically corrected using Ground Control Point (GCP) from JUPEM's L7030 Topographic map 1:50,000 and terrain correction using Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) Digital Elevation Model (DEM) data of 90m spatial resolution
  Pansharp All Bands : System/Map Correction of Multispectral image (using all Multispectral bands) combined with Panchromatic image
  Pansharp PNC : System/Map Correction of Multispectral image combined with Panchromatic image to produce Pseudo Natural Colour (PNC) image
 

Digital products are provided in CD-Rom/DVD/Blu-ray Disc.

 

Landsat-8 can be downloaded free from the following website: http://glovis.usgs.gov



4.  How to order the standard product of remote sensing data?  
  Order can be made through the MRSA Data Order Form which can be downloaded as below:  
  Application for NON-RESTRICTED Remote Sensing Satellite Images Click to download   
  *Application for RESTRICTED Remote Sensing Satellite Images Click to download (this form is only available in Bahasa Malaysia)  
  *RESTRICTED : Data Resolution in 5m, 2.5m,1m & 0.6m    
       
  The form must be completely filled and to be returned together with Local Order / Bank Draft / Postal Order / Money Order / Cheque payable to the Director General of MRSA, to the following address:  
 

Director General,
Malaysian Remote Sensing Agency (MRSA)
Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation,
No. 13, Jalan Tun Ismail,
50480 Kuala Lumpur.
MALAYSIA
Fax : 603-2697 3350

   
  Please contact the Remote Sensing Data Processing and Distribution Division ( Tel : 603-2697 3400 ) for assistance in completing the form or for additional information.  
       

 

5. When is the product delivery?
  *Product delivery is as follows (based on per unit product):
  i. NON-RESTRICTED REMOTE SENSING SATELLITE IMAGES
  Standard Digital Product:    
 

 System Corrected

2 working days  
  Map Corrected  4 working days  
  Pansharp  5 working days  
  Value Added Product 12 working days  
  InkJet Printing 6-14 working days  
  Photography Printing 7-15 working days  

  ii. RESTRICTED Remote Sensing Satellite Images:
  Applications for restricted remote sensing satellite image type (5 meters resolution and below) will follow procedures stated under the Security Directive Circular against Geospatial Documents. Therefore, an additional 2 weeks to a month is required for security clearance process.
   
  *DOES NOT include delivery period

 

6. What are the characteristics of each remote sensing satellites?

a) Landsat, SPOT, Radarsat and TerraSAR-X satellites characteristics:

Satellite Type  Landsat-5 Landsat-7  Landsat-8  Spot-1, 2 &4 Spot-5 Spot-6/7 Radarsat-1 Radarsat-2 TerraSAR-X
Satellite Owner 

US Geological Survey (USGS) & NASA

US Geological Survey (USGS) & NASA  US Geological Survey (USGS) & NASA

Airbus Space & Defence (Airbus DS)

Airbus Space & Defence (Airbus DS)  Airbus Space & Defence (Airbus DS)  Canadian Space Agency (CSA) Canadian Space Agency (CSA)   Airbus Space & Defence (Airbus DS)
Sensor  Multispectral Scanner (MSS), Thematic Mapper (TM) Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+)  Operational Land Imager (OLI), Thermal Infrared Sensors (TIR)  Panchromatic and Multispectral Panchromatic and Multispectral  Panchromatic and Multispectral  Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR)  X-band Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR)
Spatial Resolution   30m 30m XS band, 15m Panchromatic band  15m  10m  2.5m   1.5m  8m-100m 3m-100m  High Resolution Spotlight: 1m, Spotlight:2m, StripMap:3m, ScanSAR:18m
No. of Channel (Bands) 7 8 11 4 5 5 1 1 1
Revisit Time 16 days 16 days  16 days  2 to 3 days (revisit interval) 2 to 3 days (revisit interval)  1 day  North of 70°N  Daily, North of 48°N Every 4 days,The Earth (except the centre of Antarctica, 80°S and 90°S) Every 6 days 


Between 40° and 70° 
Every 1-2 days, Equator Every 2-3 days

 
11 days 
Orbit Height 705 km  705 km  705 km  98.7 km 822 km  694 km  793-821 km  798 km  514 km 
Design Life Minimum of 3 years  Minimum of 5 years  Minimum of 5 years  3 years (SPOT 1/2/3), 5 years (SPOT-4) 5 years  Built with a 10-year lifetime warranty  5 years  7 years   
Launch March 1, 1984  April 15, 1999 February 11, 2013 

SPOT-1 22 Feb 1986, SPOT-2 22 Jan 1990, SPOT-3 26 Sep 1993, 
SPOT-4 24 Mac 1998

 
May 3, 2002  SPOT-6 : September 12, 2012. SPOT-7 2014  4 November 1995 (last contact 29 March 2013)  Dec 14, 2007  Jan 15, 2007 
Scene Size (coverage)  170 km x 185 km 

(106 mi x 115 mi)

170 km x 185 km 
(106 mi x 115 mi)

170 km x 185 km 
(106 mi x 115 mi)

 3,600 sq km 

(60km x 60km)

 3,600 sq km 

(60km x 60km)

60km x 600km 
(1 strips)

 
45km-500km 50km-530km 

HS Spotlight: 5 to 10 km x 5 km (width x length)
SpotLight: 10 km x 10 km
StripMap: 30 km x 50 km
ScanSAR: 100 km x 150 km

 

 

b) IKONOS, Quickbird, Worldview, GeoEye, Pleiades, MODIS and NOAA satellites characteristics:

Satellite Type  IKONOS Quickbird  Worldview-1  Worldview-2 Worldview-3 GeoEye-1 Pleiades MODIS NOAA
Satellite Owner 

DigitalGlobe

DigitalGlobe DigitalGlobe

DigitalGlobe

DigitalGlobe   Airbus Space & Defence (Airbus DS) NASA  National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration USA (NOAA)
Sensor 

Spaceborne multispectral sensor with very high spatial resolution capabilities 

State-of-the-art 
BGIS 2000 sensor

 
 

Star trackers, 
solid state IRU

 

WorldView-3 
Satellite Sensor

 

GeoEye-1 
Satellite Sensor

 

Pleiades-1B
satellite sensor

 

Terra (EOS AM-1) and
Aqua (EOS PM-1)

 

AVHRR sensor

 
Spatial Resolution   

1m Panchromatic Band; 
4m XS Band

0.65m  0.46m  0.46m  0.31m  0.46m  0.5m 

250 m (bands 1-2), 
500 m (bands 3-7), 
1000 m (bands 8-36)

 
3500m 
No. of Channel (Bands)


 5 (Panchromatic, 
Blue, Green, Red, NIR)

 
5

Panchromatic Band

 

Panchromatic Band,
8 Band XS

 

Panchromatic Band, 8 Band XS, 
8 Band SWIR and 12 CAVIS imagery

 
36 
Revisit Time

Approximately 3 days
at 40° latitude

1-3.5 days, 
depending on latitude 
(30° off-nadir) 

1.7 days at 1 meter GSD or less, 5.9 days at 20° off-nadir or less (0.51 meter GSD)

1.1 days at 1 meter GSD or 
less 3.7 days at 20° off-nadir or less (0.52 meter GSD)


4.5 days at 20° off-nadir or less

 
10  Daily  1-2 days  3-4 times a day 
Orbit Height 681 km 

450 Km / 482 Km - 
(Early 2013)

 
496 km  770 km  617 km  681 km  694 km  705 km  830 km - 870 km 
Design Life Over 7 years 

Completing 13-year 
mission on orbit 

    10 - 12 years 

Fully redundant 7+ year design life; 
fuel for 15 years 

  6 years  7 years 
Launch Sept 24, 1999  Oct 18, 2001  Sept 18, 2007  Oct 8, 2009  Aug 13, 2014  Sept 6, 2008  Dec 2, 2012 


Terra (EOS AM-1) 18 December 1999, 
Aqua (EOS PM-1) 4/5/2002 

June 27, 2009 
Scene Size (coverage) 1.3 km at nadir 

Swath width 16.5 km at nadir;
Tasked scene sizes are customizable and determined by the user 

17.6 Km x 14 Km or 
246.4 Km2 at nadir

96 x 110 km mono, 
48 x 110 km stereo

Mono: 66.5 km x 112 km (5 strips), 
Stereo: 26.6 km x 112 km (2 pairs) 

Nominal swath width - 15.2 km at Nadir
Single-point scene - 225 sq km (15x15 km)
Contiguous large area - 15,000 sq km (300x50 km)
Contiguous 1°cell size areas - 10,000 sq km
Contiguous stereo area - 6,270 sq km (224x28 km)
(Area assumes pan mode at highest line rate) 

Daily constellation capacity: 1,000,000 sqkm
Strip mapping (mosaic): 100 km x 100 km
Stereo imaging: 20 km x 280 km
Max. spots over 100 km x 200 km: 30 
(crisis mode)

2,330 km wide.  2399-km swath. 

 

Note: XS refers to Multispectral
  Pan refers to Panchromatic

 

7. What does spatial resolution mean?
  Spatial resolution refers to the smallest coverage of earth surface recorded by the satellite.
   
8. Is it possible to apply for FREE remote sensing data from MRSA, and how?
  Yes, it is possible to get free remote sensing data from MRSA, which is applicable to graduates and postgraduates students whose research is in the field of remote sensing.
  The free remote sensing data is limited up to 1500 pixel x 1500 line (equivalent to 45km x 45km area of Landsat TM, 30km x 30km area of SPOT Multispectral and 15km x 15km area of SPOT Panchromatic).
  Request for free data must be made by the student's supervisor and the student is required to fill in the MRSA Data Order Form and the Student Form. A copy of research report must be submitted to the MRSA library for reference. 
  Please click the links below to download respective forms:
  a. MRSA DATA ORDER FORM
  b. STUDENT FORM (this form is only available in Bahasa Malaysia)